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Oral Stage

After discussing Lev Vygotsky’s theory, I decided it was important to discuss another theorist, the founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud. The reason being is that his research “revolutionized the way we think about children’s experiences in early childhood” (Brooks, 2011). Freud believed that many adult symptoms to anxieties, were rooted in childhood experiences (Brooks, 2011).

In other words, a child’s development would directly influence how one behaves as an adult. An adults actions may directly correlate to something occurring in their childhood, especially when it comes to fear and anxiety (Brooks, 2011). This is a reason as to why Freud’s

Infant and his mother

theory is helpful to parents and families. Children have “internal needs that drive behaviour and neither they nor parent have complete control” (Brooks, 2011). Parents are “authoritative guides and supporters on the path to maturity, not generals commanding the course of growth” (Brooks, 2011).





Before going any further, check out this video about Sigmund Freud. It describes his life and several of his theories.

This video clip discusses Freud’s psychosexual development. Warning, the information is interesting but the video clip is made to be “entertaining” and somewhat humorous, but it is a good introduction to Freud’s theory. 

A parent should be supportive in their child’s growth and development, and what better way to do so then by having the knowledge surrounding their child’s behaviour from birth to adolescences. Freud divided childhood into five psychosexual stages from birth to adolescence, all based around his theory that children were viewed as “pleasures seeking creatures” (Brooks, 2011). Click here for an example of Freud’s stages of psychosexual development. “Freud’s psychoanalytic theory deals with a sexual system composed of drives or instincts. He posited that the Oedipus complex is universal and derives from the fantasies the child has about his parents” (Latchaw, 2010). It includes concepts of rivalry with the same-sexed parent and the introjection of parent values (Latchaw, 2010). For more on the Oedipus complex and Freud’s psychoanalytic theory click here. As you can see, some people may find this controversial while other families may use these models in interpreting their child’s behaviour. For a humorous take of Freud’s theories see the clip below.

Brooks, J. (2011) The Process of Parenting (8th ed.). Toronto, ON: McGraw-Hill.

Latchaw, A. (2010). The relationship between attachment style and degree of unresolved oedipal conflicts . ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 1-178. Retrieved January 26, 2013, from the ProQuest database.